Two More SITE Sessions: Teacher Trust in Technology and Podcasting in Spanish Class

Why Do Some Teachers Trust Technology and Some Don’t?
Andrea Francis, Michigan State University

  • Reasons for Exclusion
    • Lack of social and institutional support
    • Lack of funding
    • Lack of adwquate training for the task
  • Psychological Factors
    • Fear of using digital technologies
    • Inability to overcome “functional fixedness”
  • Why do some people trust technology and others don’t?
    • Trust
      • Measuring trust: benevolence, reliable, competent, honest, openness; vulnerability and confidence of the truster
      • We have measures of trust for people, but what about artifacts? Is my cell phone benevolent? Is my computer honest?
      • The protean nature of digital technology
      • Trust and the Intentional Stance (Demmet, 1987)
        • Physical stance — the apple falls because of gravity
        • Design stance — a programmer creates something for a reason
        • Intentional stance — where a human takes on the feeling that the artifacts has intentions
      • Examples
        • Turkle (1984) — story of Robert and merlin
        • Nass and Moon (2000) — computers as social actors hypothesis; following a social script
        • Mishra (2006) — praise and blame (if you praise them for a difficult task, then they have more self-confidence). Students preferred praise irrespective of the difficulty of the task
    • Trust in computers involves one party’s willingness to be vulnerable to another party based on the confidence that a digital technology is reliable and predictable.
  • Survey to capture the construct of “trust” in digital technology
    • Trust in technology in general, computers in particular, and other technologies (cell phone, GPS, etc.)
    • Reliability of particularly technologies and competence in using technologies
    • Create composite scores for trust in technology, computers, devices — look at this in relation to other variables
    • Look at predictive validity to see how teachers who use technology in classrooms may use it better when they become teachers

I Podcast, You Podcast, Together We Podcast: Podcasting as a Learning Tool in Second Language Classrooms
Kim Tohill, Blue Mountain High School, Pennsylvania, PA

  • Over half of the people had heard of podcasting, forty percent had MP3 players, only 10% actually downloaded a podcast before
  • Many teachers didn’t think that podcasting applied to their subject area, didn’t have enough time, were unfamiliar with the technology, or that the school didn’t have the materiasl
  • Language immersion for students since they are only in the Spanish classroom for a few minutes each day
    • Why not use podcasting to get them to get immersed in the language from other news and entertainment sources in the target language?
    • Podcasting as mobile language immersion; also looking at native speakers from other countries who have posted videos to YouTube
    • Students post their podcsts online so they can listen to one another and do it, rather than in front of the class or in front of the teacher
      • Many didn’t take the time to listen to themselves; some did attempt to do it again and again until they got it right
      • Most of them preferred this type of communication rather than speaking to their classmates in a language that is not thier own
      • Creates an “audio portfolio” that captures their voice over time; teacher can return to it as many times as needed
      • Field recordings and virtual tours; situational dialogues amongst more experienced speakers
      • Podcasting Links, including Gabcast and Podomatic

Author: Troy Hicks

Dr. Troy Hicks is a professor of English and education at Central Michigan University. He directs both the Chippewa River Writing Project and the Master of Arts in Educational Technology degree program. A former middle school teacher, Dr. Hicks has authored numerous books, articles, chapters, blog posts, and other resources broadly related to the teaching of literacy in our digital age. Follow him on Twitter: @hickstro

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